Parents: Zhenjin, son of Kublai Khan, and Kokejin
Royal House: Yuan
Reign: 1294 – 1307
Predecessor: Kublai Khan
Summary: As the successor of the great Kublai Khan, first Mongol khagan to rule over China as well as the largest Mongol empire in history, Chengzong had a lot of work to do. Kublai outlived both his eldest son and his second son, Temür, who was Chengzong's father. Temür died when Chengzong was 21, and the young prince retained his mother as an advisor throughout his reign. From 1286 until his own coronation in 1294, he was the obvious heir and campaigned with his grandfather regularly. Kublai appointed him governor of Karakorum, the capital of the Mongol Empire, and there he received the submission of three princes of a rival Mongol line. In 1294, Kublai died and a kurultai (election council) was called to elect the next Great Khan. Despite many years as the unofficial heir, he required the vote of the khanate to gain the throne. He won the crown against the contest of his brother, Gammala, and became the second Yuan Emperor of China.
Date of Death: 10 February 1307
Successor: Külüg Khan
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