Succession Wars

Over the course of history, the vast majority of wars have been fought over land and the right to succeed to a throne. In our modern era of democracies and dictatorships, the entire concept of dynastic warfare has disappeared, but even as late as World War II, dynastic warfare was an element, if not the purpose, of war. Below are a list of all major dynastic wars throughout history. Over time, I hope to write focus articles on them, describing the major players and the results.


  • Wars of the Diadochi (322 – 275 BCE)
  • Year of the Four Emperors (69 CE)
  • Year of the Five Emperors (193)
  • Year of the Six Emperors (238)
  • Roman Civil War (284 – 285)
  • Civil War of the Tetrarchy (306 – 324)
  • Roman Civil War (350 – 351)
  • Roman Civil War (360 – 361)
  • Roman Civil War (387 – 388)
  • Roman Civil War (394)
  • England's The Anarchy (1135 – 1154)
  • War of the Champagne Succession (1216 – 1222)
  • War of the Succession of Flanders & Hainault (1244 – 1257)
  • War of the Thuringian Succession (1247 – 1264)
  • War of the Euboeote Succession (1256 – 1258)
  • The First War of Scottish Independence (1296 – 1328)
  • First War of the Rügen Succession (1325 – 1328)
  • Second War of the Rügen Succession (1340 – 1354)
  • The Hundred Years' War (1337 – 1453)
  • — War of the Breton Succession (1341 – 1364)
  • — War of the Succession of Guelders (1371 – 1379)
  • War of the Lüneburg Succession (1370 – 1388)
  • First War of the Portuguese Succession (1383 – 1385)
  • The Lithuanian Civil War (1431 – 1425)
  • War of the Stettin Succession (1464 – 1472)
  • War of the Castilian Succession (1475 – 1479)
  • War of the Landshut Succession (1503 – 1505)
  • Ottoman Civil War (1509 – 1512)
  • War of the Inca Succession (1529 – 1532)
  • Second War of the Portuguese Succession (1580 – 1583)
  • War of the Polish Succession (1587 – 1588)
  • War of the Three Henrys (1587 – 1589
  • War of the Jülich Succession (1609 – 1614)
  • War of the Mantuan Succession (1628 – 1631)
  • Piedmontese Civil War (1639 – 1642)
  • War of the English Succession (1688 – 1697)
  • War of the Spanish Succession (1701 – 1713)
  • War of the Polish Succession (1733 – 1738)
  • War of the Austrian Succession (1740 – 1748)
  • War of the Bavarian Succession (1778 – 1779)
  • Tongan Civil War (1799 – 1845)
  • Third War of the Portuguese Succession (1828 – 1834)
  • First Carlist War (1833 – 1839)
  • Second Carlist War (1846 – 1849)
  • First Schleswig War (1848 – 1851)
  • Third Carlist War (1872 – 1876)
  • Second Schleswig War (1864)
  • Gugsa Welle's Rebellion (1930)

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